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Full text of "Catalog"

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of ti 

International Young Men's 
Christian Association 
Training School 

S p r i n g f i e Id , M a s s 

T i go 2- 1 go 3 


Admission, Requirements for 






AUiitrupuxiicLx y 

Loan Fund, Perpetual 



16, 36 

Jul \J V C* L 1 \J 11 



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Methods, Study of 


Athletic Grounds 


Normal Practice 




Object or bchool 


Boys' Work, Course for 






Physical Course 


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Physical Diagnosis 




Physical Department, Theory of 




Physical Department, Organiza- 

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tion of ) 


Course of Study 


Physical Examinations 


Educational Course 


Physical Training, History of 



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Exercise, Philosophy of 


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Exercise, Physiology of 


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Exercise, Prescription of 


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Secretarial Course 



36, 38 

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General Course 


Seminar, Secretarial 


Graduate Course 


Seminar, Physical 


Gymnasium 16, 36, 38 

Senior Tour 


History, Association 




History, Christian 


Student Organizations 




Student Publication 






Jubilee Endowment Fund 


Training Classes 


Laboratories ■ 


Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 




Founded in 1885 

I 9 O I - i 9 o 2 


With Announcements for i 902-1903 
February, 1902 


Regular meetings of the Trustees on the third Wednesdays 
of September and March, and on the second Friday in June. 

Annual meeting of the Corporation on the second Friday 
in June. 

School financial year, September 1 to August 31. 


January 3 — Friday, Beginning of Winter Term. 

March 21 — Friday, Ending of Winter Term. 

March 25-27 — Tuesday-Thursday, . . New England Secre- 
taries' Conference (at the Dormitory Building). 
April 2 — Wednesday, .... Beginning of Spring Term. 

June 20 — Friday, Commencement Exercises. 

September 24 — Wednesday, . . . Beginning of Fall Term. 
December 19— Friday, Ending of Fall Term. 


January 2 — Friday, Beginning of Winter Term. 

March 20 — Friday, End of Winter Term. 

March 24-26 — Tuesday-Thursday, . . New England Secre- 
taries' Conference (at the Dormitory Building). 
April 1 — Wednesday, .... Beginning of Spring Term. 

June 19 — Friday, Commencement Exercises. 

September 23 — Wednesday, . . . Beginning of Fall Term. 

Persons desiring special information concerning, or admission as stu- 
dents to, the Physical Course, are invited to correspond with Dr. James H. 

For information concerning the School, apply to President L. L. 


The names of the Trustees are italicized. 

Australia, N. S. W., Sidney, David Walker. 

" Victoria, Melbourne, H. A. Wilcox. 
France, Paris, E. Buscarlet. 
Germany, Berlin, Count Andreas Bernstorff. 
England, London, M. H. Hodder. 

W. H. Mills. 
J. H. Putterill. 
Scotland, Glasgow, W. M. Oatts. 

Portobello, R. H. Smith. 
Hawaii, Honolulu, Hon. Henry Waterhouse. 
Ireland, Belfast, Robert McCann. 
India, Madras, W. Reierson Arbuthnot. 
" " David McConaughy, Jr. 

11 Calcutta, T. D. Patton. 
Philippine Islands, Manila, Fred W. Atkinson. 
South Africa, Adams, Natal, George B. Cowles. 
Sweden, Stockholm, Baron Edward Barnekow. 
Switzerland, Geneva, Rev. Gustave Tophel. 
Manitoba, Winnipeg, R. J. Whitla. 
Ontario, Toronto, F. M. Pratt. 

" 11 Thomas S. Cole. 

" " C. M. Copeland. 

" " Robert Kilgour. 

Quebec, Montreal, D. A. Budge. 
" " George Reid. 

D. W. Ross. 
" " F. W. Kelley. 

Alabama, Birmingham, Jas. Bowron. 

" " Joseph Hardie. 

California, San Francisco, H. J. McCoy. 
Colorado, Denver, Donald Fletcher. 
Connecticut, Bridgeport,/. W. Cook. 

" Frank Russell, D. D. 
Hartford, Noel H. Jacks. 
" " Henry Roberts. 

New Britain, F. G. Piatt. 
" New Haven, W. G Lotze. 

H. L. Smith. 
" Norwich, E. A. Prentice. 

District of Columbia, Washington, Merrill E. Gates. 
Georgia, Atlanta, W. Woods White. 
Illinois, Chicago, I. E. Brown. 

A. A. Stagg. 
" " Robt. Weidensall. 

Iowa, Des Moines, W. A. Magee. 

" " E. D. Sampson. 

Kansas, Leavenworth, Jas. Naismith. 

" Topeka, R. B. Gemmell. 
Kentucky, Louisville, J. L. Wheat. 
Maryland, Baltimore, W. H. Morriss. 

" Hagerstown, R. S. Crawford. 
Massachusetts, Boston, R. M. Armstrong. 

W. E. Co I ley. 
" " H. S. Conant. 

T. A. Hildreth. 
" 11 Charles A. Hopkins. 

G W. Mehaffey. 
" " II. M. Moore. 

" Campello. Preston />'. h'eitli. 

Chicopee Falls, James L. Pease. 
u Fitchburg, Frederick Fosdick. 

T. E. McDonald. 
" Ludlow, John E. Stevens. 

Lvnn,/. N. Smith. 
" Maiden, George E. Day. 

Nantucket, E A. Lawrence. 
" Springfield, Dr. W. F. Andrews. 

T. M. Balliet. 
Charles H. Barrows. 
H. H. Bowman. 
" J. T. Bowne. 

" Geo. D. Chamberlain. 

L. L. Doggett. 
J. L. Johnson. 
" 11 Henry S. Lee. 

Massachusetts, Springfield, John McFethries. 

" " Arthur G. Merriam. 

Rev. D. A. Reed. 
" " C. H. Southworth. 

" " W. E. Waterbury. 

» " A. B. Wallace. 

" Worcester, F. W. Teague. 

Wilbraham, W. R. Newhall. 
Michigan, Detroit, C. M. Copeland. 

H. G. Van Tuyl. 
Minnesota, St. Paul, Thomas Cochran. 
Missouri, Kansas City, Witten McDonald. 

G. H. Winslow. 
" St. Louis, Thomas S. McPheeters. 
New Hampshire, Concord, Allen Folger. 
New Jersey, Morristown, A. W. Lunbeck. 
" Orange, Aaron Carter. 

Plainfield, C. W. McCutchen. 
W. D. Murray. 
" Summit, Charles B. Grant. 

New York, Addison, Burton G. Winton. 
" Albany, Clarence Valentine. 

Brooklyn, F. B. Pratt. 

" C. W. Dietrich. 
" " Luther Gulick, M. D. 

" Edwin F. See. 
" Buffalo, Henrv Bond. 

S. M. Clement. 
" Geneva, T. C. Maxwell. 

" Jamestown, W. A. Keeler. 

Medina, W. A. Bowen. 
" New Brighton, Frank L. Janeway. 

" New York, Frederick Billings. 

" " Cephas Brainerd. 

11 " Wm. T. Brown. 

" " C. C. Cuyler. 

H. D. Dickson. 
" " F. S. Goodman. 

" Edwin J. Gillies. 

George A. Hall. 
u " Richard C. Morse. 

W. S. Richardson. 
F. B. Schenck. 
J. Gardner Smith, M. D. 
Erskine Uhl. 
" " George A. Warburton. 

tl " A. J. I). Wedemeyer. 

L. "D. Wishard. 
Rochester, Rev. John H. Elliot. 
Troy, H. G. Ludlow. 
No. Carolina, Davidson College, Prof. H. L. Smith. 
Ohio, Cleveland, F. M. Barton. 

A. D. Hatfield. 
G. K. Shurtleff. 
" Dayton, G. N. Bierce. 
Pennsylvania, Erie, C. W. Davenport. 

" Philadelphia, John H. Converse. 

" u Thos. DeWitt Cuyler. 

11 Pittsburg, Benjamin Thaw. 

Scranton, H. M. Boies. 

C. H. Zehnder. 
South Carolina, Charlestown, A T. Jamison. 

11 Columbia, A. T. Smythe. 

Tennessee, Chattanooga, J. B. Milligan. 
" Knoxville, James H. Cowan. 
Nashville, J. B. O'Bryan. 

W. B. Abbott. 
Texas, Dallas, A. F. Hardie. 

Port Worth, William C. Winthrop. 
Vermont, Brattleboro, J. J. Estey. 

Burlington, W. J. Van Patten. 
" Montpelier, A. J. Howe. 
Virginia, Richmond, Joseph Bryan. 

11 L. A. Coulter. 

Washington, Seattle, E. C. Kilbourne. 

Officers and Committees 

i 902- 1 903 


L. L. DOGGETT, Ph. D Springfield, Mass. 

V ice President 

F. G. PLATT New Britain, Conn. 


H. H. BOWMAN Springfield, Mass. 

Financial Secretary 
F. I. ELDRIDGE Springfield, Mass. 

Recording Secretary 
J. T. BOWNE . Springfield, Mass. 

Executive Committee 

DR. W. F. ANDREWS Springfield, Mass. 

F. G. PLATT New Britain, Conn. 

With the Treasurer, ex officio 

Building Committee 

JOHN McFETHRIES Springfield, Mass 

GEO. D. CHAMBERLAIN Springfield, Mass. 

J. T. BOWNE Springfield, Mass. 

Finance Committee 

H. S. LEE Springfield, Mass. 

C. A. HOPKINS Boston, Mass. 

PRESTON B. KEITH Campello, Mass. 

With the Treasurer, ex officio 

Committee on Instruction 

EDWIN F. SEE Brooklyn, N. Y. 

W. R. NEWHALL . . . . . . Wilbraham, Mass. 

T. M. BALLIET Springfield, Mass. 

F. B. PRATT Brooklyn, N. Y. 

H. M. MOORE . Boston, Mass. 

R. C. MORSE . New York City 


T. M. BALLIET .. . . .... Springfield, Mass. 

F. B. PRATT Brooklyn, N. Y. 

R. C. MORSE New York City. 


L. L. DOGGETT, Ph. D., President . . 60 Northampton Avenue 
History and Organisation of the Young Men's Christian Associ- 
ation, Methods of Religions Work 

J. T. BOWNE 121 Northampton Avenue 

Librarian and Instructor in A ssociation Methods 

F. N. SEERLEY, M. D 1S0 Westford Avenue 

Anatomy, Psychology and Personal Work 

H. M. BURR, B. A 3 Gunn Square 

Christian History and Sociology 

JAMES H. McCURDY, M. D 30S Eastern Avenue 

Physiology, Physiology of Exercise, Gymnastics and Athletics 

W. G. BALLANTINE, D. D., LL. D. . 321 St. James Avenue 

The Bible 

WM. W. HASTINGS, Pir. D 174 Alden Street 

Anthropometry, History and Philosophy of Physical Training 
F. I. ELD RIDGE 180 Westford Avenue 

Other Instructors 

MRS. CAROLYN D. DOGGETT, M. A. . 60 Northampton Avenue 


G. A CORNELL, 02 Dormitory Building 

Student Assistant Gymnastics, Athletics 

GEORGE HENCKEL, '02 Dormitory Building 

Student Teacher Gymnastics, Athletics 

ELMER BERRY, B. S. '02 Dormitory Building 

Student 'Teacher Physics, Chemistry 

B. R. HADCOCK, '02 Dormitory Building 

Student Assistant Gymnastics, Athletics 

P. L. REYNOLDS, '03 Dormitory Building 

Student Assistant Gymnastics, Athletics 
G. F. THOMPSON, '03 Dormitory Building 

Student Assistant Fencing 


Special Lecturers 

FRANK P. SPEARE, Educational Director Young Men's Christian 

Association, Boston, Mass. 

Educational Department 

EDGAR M. ROBINSON, Secretary International Committee, 

. . . . . . r . . . . New York City. 

Work Among Boys 

WILFRED H. CHAPIN, Secretary Boys' Work State Committee, 

.......... New York City. 

Work Among Boys 

REV. WM. BYRON FORBUSH, President "Men of To-morrow," 

Boston, Mass. 

Work Among Boys 

WM. KNOWLES COOPER, General Secretary Young Men's Chris- 

tian Association Springfield, Mass. 

A ssociation Problems 

Secretarial Visitors, 1901-1902 

EDMUND W. BOOTH, General Secretary, . . . New York City. 

G. K. SHURTLEFF, General Secretary, . . Cleveland, Ohio. 

WALTER C. DOUGLAS, General Secretary, . Philadelphia, Pa. 

J. W. COOK, General Secretary, .... Bridgeport, Conn. 


MRS. D. H. TUCKER, Dormitory. 


Senior Class (1902) 

Allen, Edward Knight 
Almeida, Alvaro 
Berry, Elmer 
Cornell, George Arthur 
Craig, Robert John 
Grobb, Frederick Ismond 
Hadcock, B. Ross 
Henckel, George 
Pollard, David Wright 
Robbie, Kenneth 
Schroeder, John George 
Sullivan, J. Eastland 
Wilson, Samuel Bruce 
Wise, Frederick Byron 





Fourteen Seniors 

Springfield, Mass. 
Rio Janeiro, Brazil. 
Beaver City, Neb. 
Bridgeport, Conn. 
San Jose, Calif. 
Brantford, Ont. 
Brantford, Ont. 
Albany, N. Y. 
Pawtucket, R. I. 
New Haven, Conn. 
Geneva, N. Y. 
Wood cliff, N. J. 
Brantford, Ont. 
Cleveland, Ohio. 




Ackerman, Elmer Garrett 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Armstrong, J. Claude 


Morristown, N. J. 

Bradshaw, Louis Charles 


Kansas City, Mo. 

Bugbee, Frederick Fay 


Monson, Mass 

Clark, Thomas Arthur 


Cleveland, Ohio. 

Colbert, Philip Maulsby 


Baltimore, Md. 

Cowley, John T. 


Cleveland, Ohio. 

Farnum, LeRoy Southard 


Uxbridge, Mass. 

Goodyear, Ernest Fowler 


West Haven, Conn. 

Green, Charles Andrew 


Mechanicville, N. Y.. 

*Hayes, George Arthur 


Bloomfield, Conn. 

Joy, Bernard Manly 


Denver, Colo. 

McLaren, George Allan 


Forest, Ont. 

Merrill, Harry Wilcox 


Lynn, Mass. 

Messier, Francis A. 


Lakehurst, N. J„ 

Metts, Fred 


Muncie, Ind. 

Reynolds, Percy Loring 


Fall River, Mass. 

Roseborough, Von Victor 


Cleveland, Ohio. 

Thompson, Gilbert Frank 


Cleveland, Ohio. 

Wilder, David 


Mobile, Ala. 

Wool worth, Porter Thompson 


Cazenovia, N. Y. 

Twenty-one Middlers 


Junior Class (1904) 

Abbott, Samuel Edson 


Auburn, N. Y. 

Ashley, Charles Henry 


Springfield, Mass. 

Barrier, Emile August 


Cambridge, Mass. 

Buckland, Sanford Burton 


Youngstown, Ohio. 

Cunningham, Charles Francis 


Rochester, N. Y. 

Currier, William Gideon 


ID n 1 - 1 ~ . , , AT XT 

Brooklyn, JN. Y. 

rLiiiott, E/QwarQ ocoit 


Boston, Mass. 

*r adden, t rederic W atts 


TIT1 *i 1 11 TVT TT 

Whitehall, N. Y. 

Flanagan, Timothy Joseph 


Rome, N. Y. 

Gray, John Henry 


H/ast uiange, IN. J. 

Hamlin, Robert Pearson 


1_ i _ _ „ "T~7\ 1 1 "TV T 

Chicopee Falls, Mass. 

Hastings, Ernest Edwin 


Lincoln, Neb. 

Hayes, rloyci lomkms 

Albany, JN. Y. 

Henckel, Frederick August 

T > 

All XT "\ 7" 

Albany, N. Y. 

Holmes, Percy Kendall 


Yarmouth, N. S. 

Homer, Roy Randall 


Boston, Mass 

Laudenslager, Irvin A. 


Valley View, Pa. 

Lewis, William Everett 


Syracuse, N. Y. 

Little, John 1. 


Vancouver, B. C. 

Maier, Gus 


Brooklyn, JN. Y. 

Moraller, Erich 


Plamneld, N. J. 

Moule, Herbert 


London, Ont. 

Offmger, Edward Christian 



Northampton, Mass. 

Kanaei, iNODie ± nniips 


wneiaa, in . x . 

Rath, James Arthur 


Madras, India. 

Kea, Charles laylor 


Canton, Ohio. 

^Keais, W ill ri. 


fMi^fz-vt-i CnfMin-c "NT XT 

L,ntton oprmgs, in. y. 

Russell, Howard W. 


Baltimore, Md. 

Scott, John Henry 


Bridgeport, Conn. 

Seifert, Henry 


New York City. 

Seymour, Roy F. 


Syracuse, N. Y. 

Stafford, James Walker 


Hamilton, Ont. 

Thompson, Elmer Edwin 


Boston, Mass. 

*Traugott, Clarence J. 


Rochester, N. Y. 

Vose, Edwin Whitcomb 


Winchester, Mass. 

Ward, Walter John 


Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Wilber, Frank Blair 


Scranton, Pa. 

Thirty-seven Juniors 

♦Partial course. 


This School aims to equip young men for the offices of 
General Secretary, Physical Director, Educational Director 
and Director of Boys' Work in the Young Men's Christian 
Association. Christian young men desiring to fit themselves 
for the directorship of college and school gymnasiums are also 

There are two conceptions of a technical school. One, 
that the instructors shall be men who, though devoting their 
chief energy to the work of their profession, are willing to 
take part of their time to meet students and direct their study. 
This method of imparting instruction was formerly almost 
universal. It has been as generally abandoned. In the 
trades, it was called the apprentice system. Young men were 
bound out to master workmen of varying degrees of ability, 
who taught them simply to do as their fathers had done. 
This, has been succeeded in Europe, and more recently in 
America, by the trades schools and industrial institutes, which 
not only teach better, but are constantly leading in improved 
methods of work. In the professions the development has 
been almost parallel. Formerly a student of law, medicine, 
or divinity was placed under the charge of a member of the 
profession he was seeking to enter. The lawyer directed the 
reading of the law student, took him to court, and otherwise 
guided his work. But this method of professional preparation 
has been abandoned in Europe, and is fast passing here. It 
has been found that preparation for a life work is of such vital 
moment that it cannot be left to the casual hours of men who 
give their chief thought and energy elsewhere. 

But more important than this, the most successful schools 
are those which devote the greatest care to fundamental 
studies and principles, and only give actual work sufficient to 
illustrate these principles and secure the necessary skill. A 
man will have opportunity to gain experience all his life, but 
he is not likely to master the principles of his calling after 
entering upon it. Actual experience gives precedents, rather 


than guiding principles. This higher conception of a technical 
institution is an historical development. 

The Training School is built upon such a conception, and 
its history has already shown the wisdom of this policy. The 
leadership of the School in physical training and in work 
among boys, and its contributions to Association literature and 
methods, have given it a prominent place. In its early days, 
the trustees were compelled to employ men who gave only 
part of their time to teaching. It has greatly increased the 
efficiency of the School to have a faculty of specialists who 
devote their whole endeavor to its interests. Much of the 
original investigation done at the School appears in its pub- 
lication, "The Association Seminar." 

The technical and professional schools to-day aim, also, 
both to train men and to advance the particular calling of 
which they are a part. This School has always recognized its 
obligations to further the interests of the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Associations by an original study of the problems pre- 
sented by work among young men and boys. This is a rich 
field for research and investigation. There is scarcely one of 
the technical subjects of the curriculum but has been largely 
produced by the instructor. 

The course of study as at first arranged covered two 
years. During 1895 this was extended to cover three years. 
This course aims to accomplish two things: First, to equip 
every student who comes to the school to be a leader in reli- 
gious work for boys or young men ; second, to give him a 
technical knowledge of the work he expects to undertake in 
the Young Men's Christian Association. 

The institution stands for the most thorough specializa- 
tion accompanied with a generous liberal training. It would 
fit the student for something definite and at the same time 
give him some view of the broader fields of human culture. 
It seeks both culture and power. In planning for the special 
studies for the various offices of the Young Men's Christian 
Association, the trustees have held the conviction that the aim 
of the institution should be to inculcate general principles 
rather than precedents or rules ; for example, the School aims 



to make men masters of the contents of the Scriptures rather 
than to give two or three courses which might be reproduced 
in an Association. It aims to make men who can produce 
their own Bible courses. 

It is remarkable in the technical courses how far the 
curriculum has gone beyond simply the study of methods, 
which was at first contemplated. Methods have not only held 
their place, but cover a far larger sphere than at first. The 
course has also advanced to study principles as already de- 
scribed, and in recent years has undertaken a scientific study 
of boys and young men — their habits, aptitudes, temptations, 
economic standing and religious life. In sociology extended 
studies have been made among the young men and boys of 
Springfield regarding their economic and religious life. 

Since its inception, this institution has stood for what 
might be called the modern humanities. It has recognized 
the threefold nature of man — body, mind and spirit. This 
conception furnishes a philosophy for its curriculum. It is a 
guiding principle which gives unity and symmetry to its 
work. The four liberal studies pursued are history, social 
economics, English, and the study of the human mind These 
are the livest subjects in the academic world to-day. 

This School has also stood for a high type of manliness in 
athletics. It has been an earnest advocate of clean sport and 
gentlemanliness on the athletic field and on the gymnasium 


The institution has been provided with a property admir- 
ably adapted to its purpose located on the shores of Massasoit 
Lake. Its grounds, fifteen minutes' ride from the Springfield 
Association, cover thirty acres of land, which together with 
the buildings is valued at $125,000. 

The dormitory building, which at present is used also for 
recitations, library, and offices, is an attractive four-story brick 
structure, overlooking the lake. The first floor contains the 
lecture hall, the parlor, known as the "Jubilee Room," the 
reading room, library and offices. 

The three upper floors contain two class rooms, sleeping 
rooms for sixty-four students, and on the fourth floor a dining 
hall and kitchen. Each floor is provided with lavatories and 


baths. In the basement there is provision for chemical, 
physical and physiological laboratories, a bicycle room and 
store room, besides the furnace and engine rooms. 

The School possesses a model gymnasium for physical 
training, with a floor 48 x 74 feet, free from posts, having the 
usual apparatus, and in addition, Swedish boms, hand ball 
court, class climbing ropes, seven needle baths with hot and 
cold water, lockers 18 x 18 x 48 inches with combination locks, 
class rooms and examining rooms. 

The athletic grounds cover six acres, with ball field, 
quarter-mile running and bicycle track, tennis courts, etc. 

The School has the use of Massasoit Lake for aquatics, 

adapted for this purpose. 

Through the efforts of the students and the generous gift 
of Mr. Frank Beebe, of Holyoke, a beautiful boat-house was 
erected last fall on the borders of Massasoit Lake. This will 
add much to the value of the work in aquatics. 

The churches of Springfield gladly welcome the services 
of the students in Bible teaching and in various forms of 
Christian work. Through the Massachusetts State Committee, 
opportunities are given to take part in deputation days. The 
New England Secretaries' Conference meets annually at the 
vSchool, and frequent opportunities occur for attending state 


conventions. The proximity of New York City with its varied 
phases of work for young men — international, state and local — 
furnishes an opportunity to see all forms of Association work 
in operation. 


The School possesses three laboratories: the oldest a 
laboratory for the study of physics and chemistry, gives 
special attention to the study of the chemistry of digestion 
and the mechanics of the body. Recently two laboratories 
have been established in the physical course ; the physiologi- 
cal laboratory, for the study of the physiology of exercise, 

Holyoke Building. 

is equipped with ergographs, spyhgmographs. sphygmoma- 
nometers, pneumographs, etc. Some progress has been made 
in the study of blood pressure and the effects of fatigue. 
The histological laboratory for microscopy is equipped with mi- 
croscopes and a solar projection apparatus. This enables the 
student to understand the intimate structure of the body far 
better and more easily than in any other way. 


The library has become one of the most important features 
of the life of the School. No other department of the institu- 


tion has increased more rapidly during the past five years. 
More than 4,000 volumes are contained in the School library 
and nearly an equal number of pamphlets and magazines 
bearing upon the general subjects taught in the institution. 

The School is the custodian of the Bowne Historical 
Library, which is the largest collection in existence of books, 
pamphlets, and manuscripts bearing especially upon work for 
young men and boys. It contains some 40,000 publications. 
This furnishes to both students and faculty sources for ex- 
tended original study of work for young men and boys. 

The institution also possesses the Gulick Collection of 
works on physical training. The reference library is open to 

Springfield Buili>in<;. 

the students at all times, and the lending section from 9 a. m. 
to 6 p. m. The reading room, always open, has on file two 
dailies, fifteen weeklies, fifty-three monthlies, and three 

The Springfield Public Library of 125,000 volumes, now 
ranking the eighth among the great circulating libraries of the 
country, is at the service of the students without expense. 


The School is located in the Connecticut Valley in one of 
the most beautiful of American cities, in close touch with 
some of the leading educational institutions of the new world. 


The summer conferences at Northfield are within easy reach 
to students, and furnish a great opportunity for spiritual 
inspiration. The School stands for the most thorough prac- 
tical as well as theoretical training. The opportunities for 
participating in the various phases of work for young men and 
boys are abundant. Springfield is a city of G2,000 inhabit- 
ants, and is well equipped "Associationally. " The Central 
Building, at State and D wight streets, is the $135,000 home 
of the Central Branch. This has 800 members and furnishes 
abundant opportunity to study a modern plant doing a widely 
extended work along all lines for the city young man. The 

Westfield Building. 

boys' department has 200 members. The Sunday afternoon 
meetings for men and boys command large audiences. Edu- 
cational work and Bible study departments are also well 
sustained. The Springfield Railroad Branch, the second 
oldest in New England, occupies a fine suite of rooms equipped 
with parlors, reading rooms, social rooms, bathing facilities 
and dormitory. Here a thoroughly aggressive work for the 
one thousand men employed on the three railroads centering 
in Springfield is maintained. At the Round House in Merrick, 
on the West side of the Connecticut River, is the third branch 
of the Springfield Association. This is the oldest railroad 


work in New England, and conducts its work in the midst of 
the homes of railway employees, of which there are more than 
one thousand living" adjacent to the present limited quarters. 
Committees of management administer the details of each 
branch, while the Board of Directors determine the general 
policy of the work, provide for the financial needs, and look 
after property interests. The total membership of branches, 
auxiliaries, sustaining members, etc., exceeds 1,600. At the 
School a Student Association has been organized as a branch 
of the Springfield Association. An extensive work is carried 
on among boys by the students. Much is also done in connec- 
tion with the Associations and boys' clubs of the neighboring 

The Holyoke Association has one of the finest buildings 
and gymnasiums in Western Massachusetts, and has a mem- 
bership of nearly 700. It has maintained for several years a 
very large men's Sunday meeting. Over fifty men are serv- 
ing on its various committees. Efficient work is carried on 
in the junior department, while it is the first to introduce the 
home study idea in its educational department. 

The Westfield Association was founded in 1888 and incor- 
porated in 1891. It has a membership of 207. A new build- 
ing has recently been erected on one of the most prominent lots 
on Main street, at a cost of $35,000. 


















Old Test. 


Associat 'n 
History 3 
Ethics 2 



Hist, of Ph 
Tr'ning 2 






New Test. 




Field W'rk 





Departm 't 






English 2 
Chem. and 
Physics 3 







Ass'n Hist. 

P. Tr.Hist. 

Old Test. 







Ph. Exam 
Ph. Diag. 

Phy. of Ex. 

New Test. 

Phil, of Ph. 
2 Lectures 
6 Research 





New Test. 


Pres. of Ex. 

Ph. Dept. 


The Curriculum 

The curriculum falls into two divisions : I. The General Course, embracing 
studies which underlie the work of an Association officer, and which are 
pursued by all students. This course aims to study principles and also to 
study the habits, characteristics, and lives of young men and boys. II. 
The Technical Courses, which give the knowledge and training for the par- 
ticular department of work which the student expects to enter. These 
courses prepare for the general secretaryship, the physical directorship of 
Young Men's Christian Associations and schools, the educational direc- 
torship, and the boy's secretaryship. 

I. General Course 

This course, which forms the foundation of the curriculum, seeks to fit 
students to be leaders in spiritual work. It seeks to train each student to 
lead young men to Jesus Christ, and to teach the Bible. It aims to acquaint 
him with the Young Men's Christian Association and its field. It also 
seeks to broaden his intellectual horizon, to promote mental discipline, and 
to familiarize him with the problems which a leader in Christian work will 
meet in practical life. It falls into five divisions: i. Biblical Course. 
2. Historical Course. 3. Psychology. 4. Course in English and English 
Literature. 5. Conventions and Lectures. 6. Graduate Course. 

i. Biblical Course 

(1) The Bible. (Dr. Ballantine, Middle and Senior years, five hours 
per week.) An essential of spiritual leadership is a knowledge of the 
Scriptures. This is fundamental in the preparation for any position in the 
Association. It is the aim of the institution that every student who enters 
its ranks shall gain a knowledge of the Bible, and it is believed that the 
course here offered will prove attractive, not only to men who are pre- 
paring, but to men already in the service who may desire a course of 
special Bible study. Two years are devoted to a study of the text, one 
being given to the Old Testament and one to the New Testament. The 
student is expected to read each book in accordance with the directions of 
the instructor, to recite upon its facts and ideas in the class room, and to 
take notes of familiar lectures upon it. There are no formal lectures 
upon Biblical introduction and theology, but the topics commonly treated 
under those heads are incidentally brought to the student's attention while 
he is engaged upon the several books inductively. By the method used, the 
student gains from his own investigations a direct and comprehensive 
knowledge of each book in the Bible and of each Testament as a whole. 


The main outlines of the progress of Hebrew civilization and history, and 
of divine revelation, are fixed in his mind. He attains a knowledge not of 
proof texts, but of connected series of events and inspired arguments, and 
chains of thought. In the unity of a total impression, the strength of every 
part is assured. 

In this way not only are the contents of the Scriptures mastered, but the 
mind is trained in the preparation of gospel addresses, etc., and the inner 
spiritual life is quickened through the truth. It will be readily seen that 
this course does not aim to give courses that can be reproduced in the local 
Associations, but to give a comprehensive study of the entire body of the 
Scriptures, which will enable the student to lay out courses himself as may 
be necessary and equip him to be a teacher of the Bible. The attention of 
students desiring to fit themselves for instructors in the English Bible in 
colleges and schools is called to this course. It is believed to be unsur- 
passed in the thorough mastery it gives of the contents of the Scriptures. 

(2) The Training Classes and Methods of Christian Work. (Dr. 
Doggett, Junior and Senior years, one hour per week. Dr. Seerley, Middle 
year, one hour per week.) These classes have an intimate relation to the 
practical Christian work of the students during their entire course. The 
Junior year is devoted to the study of methods for dealing with individuals. 
The great questions of regeneration and the use of the Bible with the 
unsaved form the subject matter of this study. During the Middle year, 
the class studies the interviews of Jesus. This course accompanies the 
study of pedagogy, and is a study of the laws of mind as used by Jesus in 
his dealing with men. In the Senior year this hour is devoted to the study 
of the use of the Bible in public. Attention is given to the preparation of 
gospel addresses, Bible studies and the best methods of teaching Bible 

2. Historical Course 

(1) The History of Christianity and Christian Civilisation. (Mr. 
Burr, Junior year, five hours per week.) It is the aim of this course to 
familiarize the student with the great movements in the development of 
Christianity and Christian civilization. The first term is devoted to the 
study of the early and medieval Christianity, the second term to the 
Reformation and the Protestant movement in Europe, and the third term 
to the movement in America and the history of missions. 

The work is carried on by lectures, carefully prepared courses of read- 
ing, and text books for special periods and topics. Special emphasis is laid 
on the courses of reading and topical study, so that the student becomes 
familiar with the masterpieces of historical literature. Recent additions to 
the department of history in the School library facilitates the work of this 

Students are expected to own "The History of the Christian Church," 
by Professor Fisher. 

(2) Association History. (Dr. Doggett, Middle year, three hours per 
week.) The aim of this course is to acquaint all students with the history 
and development of this great movement. Careful attention is given to the 


forces in the church, and the conditions of social life which made such a 
movement necessary. The Association is studied, not as a local or na- 
tional, but as a world-wide endeavor. In the first period, 1844 to 1855, 
especial attention is given to the London work and its formative influence. 
In the second period, 1855 to 1878, recognition of the leadership of the 
American work requires especial attention to the movement on this con- 
tinent. In the third period, 1878 to 1901, more attention is given to the 
spread of the movement throughout the world. This course studies the de- 
velopment of the Association, its organization and polity, and the fixed 
principles which govern its operation and its relation to the church. 

3. Psychology 

(Dr. Seerley, Middle year, three terms, five hours per week.) This 
course occupies a full year, and is taken by all Middlers. The human 
mind is complex, and the aim is to study it from many view points, keep- 
ing constantly in mind the work for which the student is preparing. 

(1) Physiological Psychology. The course opens with a study of the 
nervous system. The brains of animals are dissected so the student may 
become acquainted with every part, and also demonstrate their relations. 
Sections of the entire human brain are available which have proven very 
helpful in studying the gross structure. The microscopes and micro-pro- 
jection apparatus enable the student to study the minute structure of 
every part as revealed in the many variously prepared and stained micro- 
scopic slides of the central nervous system. This is followed by a study 
of the special senses, their rise and development, their structure, their func- 
tion, and their localized culture in the central nervous system. A large 
number of laboratory experiments fixes the range of each special sense as 
well as calls attention to the many illusions which are liable to occur. The 
modern theory of localization of brain centres receives careful attention, 
with the latest applications. 

(2) Genetic Psychology. A course in the psychology of the child with 
special reference to the laws of mental development. The seminary 
method is largely used, and each student is assigned special work which 
is later presented to the class. This gives him the practice of searching 
for information from original sources, and teaches him the method of 
presenting scientific data. The distribution of the subjects is largely gov- 
erned by the line of work for which each man is being prepared. If he is 
to become a boys' secretary, such topics are assigned as will make him best 
acquainted with boy life. This is also true of students who are to become 
physical directors and general secretaries. 

The human instincts receive careful attention under this head. A few 
are named to show the value of the work, but not to indicate the scope of 
it. Each is studied as to genesis in the animal world, relation to the strug- 
gle for existence, modifications as the scale of life is ascended, value in the 
development of manhood if properly used, and danger if improperly de- 
veloped or left undeveloped : fear, the fighting instinct, anger, plays, 
hunting, the gang instinct, sex instinct, hero worship, imitation, the paren- 
tal instinct, and others. 


Under the head of the sex instinct, the subject of "personal purity" 
from the psychological standpoint is carefully considered, and each student 
learns to present this subject to an audience of men or boys, as well as how 
to deal with the individual who has become addicted to unfortunate habits. 

Heredity and degeneracy are also given an important place in this 
study. Attention is given to the introduction of disease, the use of alco- 
holic stimulants, the lack of proper food, etc., with their effects upon the 
child. An attempt is made to trace the dominating characteristics of the 
boy life during different periods of his development, so that treatment of 
him may be intelligent and helpful at all times. 

(3) General Psychology. Under this head are studied consciousness 
and the self ; attention and habit ; the intellect, including sensation, percep- 
tion, conception, apperception, and such complex mental processes as 
memory, imagination, judgment, thought and reasoning; the sensibilities, 
including the emotions, the affections and the desires, and volition or the 

(4) Psychic Phenomena. Under this head are treated suggestion, 
sleep, hypnosis, alterations of personality, dreams, hallucinations and illu- 
sions, and as far as possible are discovered the laws underlying the different 
systems of "faith cure." 

(5) Pedagogy. Applied psychology, a study of the mind in operation. 
This course does not attempt a history of education, but every man who is 
going into Christian work ought to know the laws governing the acquisi- 
tion, assimilation, and reproduction of knowledge, and an endeavor is made 
to discover these. A knowledge of these laws will enable the secretary to 
decide what kind of material ought to be presented to the mind during any 
period of life, the method of presentation to insure assimilation, and the 
help necessary to develop in his student the art of expression. This will 
apply to advertising, membership work, the financial canvass, reception 
committee work, personal work, Bible teaching, educational classes, and 
gymnastic or athletic instruction. 

4. Course in English 

(Mrs. Doggett, Junior year, five hours per week.) The ability to use the 
English language is of the utmost importance. Few men achieve such ex- 
cellence in English but that they covet the opportunity for further study. 
Throughout the course students are required to present papers and essays 
in different branches, which are revised and criticised by instructors. In 
the Junior year, three hours weekly is given to the study of English and 
models of English literature, and two hours weekly to composition. 

Particular attention is given to public speaking in connection with the 
Literary Societies. These Societies meet weekly through the year. 

5. Conventions and Lectures 

(1) Conventions. The School aims, through conventions and con- 
ferences, to bring the students into touch with the current affairs of the 


Association. The state conventions of Massachusetts and Connecticut are 
frequently attended by the entire School, and opportunity often arises for 
students to attend the New York state convention. In June, 1901, the 
entire body of the students had the opportunity of attending the Jubilee 
Convention at Boston. 

During March the New England Secretaries' Conference holds its ses- 
sion for three days at the School dormitory. This conference brings 
together the employed officers of the six New England states. The 
visitors lodge in the dormitory and are the guests of the students. This 
gathering furnishes an excellent opportunity to come in touch with present- 
day Association affairs. 

(2) Lectures. One of the most helpful means of bringing the students 
into touch with the active work of the Association is found in the lectures 
which from time to time are given by Association leaders and others. 
Since the issuing of the last catalogue, the following among others have 
been delivered : Rev. Rockwell H. Potter, "The Ideals of the Young Men's 
Christian Association" ; Dr. T. M. Balliet, "Specialization and Special 
Training"; Mr. Fred B. Smith, "Conditions of Power in Christian Ser- 
vice"; Mr. A. H. Godard, "The Finances of a Local Association"; Dr. 
J. W. Seaver, "Physical Training in American Colleges" ; Mr. Frank 
Mahan, "Work for Young Men in the South"; Mr. Edmund W. Booth, 
"Qualifications for Christian Work" ; Dr. Lyman B. Sperry, "Observations 
on the Secretaryship" ; Mr. A. G. Spalding, "The Development of Athletics 
in America" ; Rev. W. S. Richardson, "Work for Young Men Outside the 
Young Men's Christian Association" ; Mr. Silas H. Paine, "The Use of 
Hymns"; Mr. Charles Fermaud, Geneva, "The Young Men of Europe"; 
Mr. Walter H. Mills, London, "The Young Men of Great Britain"; Mr. 
John H. Putterill, London, "The Work of the Parent Association"; Mr. 
Paul Theis, Paris, "The Paris Association" ; Mr. W. H. Chapin, "Facts 
Fundamental to Intelligent Boys' Work" ; Mr. Lory Prentiss, "Physical 
Training in the Preparatory Schools"; Mr. W. L. Coop, "Playground 
Apparatus — Its Development, Construction and Use" ; Dr. C. E. Ehinger, 
"Physical Training in the Normal and Public Schools." 

6. Graduate Course 

Graduates of the School, or those having done equivalent work else- 
where, will be allowed to pursue advanced work under one of the instruc- 
tors. The course must be laid out at the beginning of the year and ap- 
proved by the president. It will involve a major theme with minor allied 
courses. The aim shall be in each case to do work of an original character. 
This work shall be embodied in a thesis, two copies of which, bound in 
cloth, must be presented to the School. By vote of the faculty, students 
completing this course will be recommended to the trustees for a diploma. 
One student in the Bible department and three in the physical department 
have taken this course. 


II. Technical Courses 

During the Junior year students pursue chiefly the general course, but 
from that time on, while a part of the time of each day is occupied with the 
general course, an increasing proportion of the student's time is put into 
special technical study in the departments to which he intends to devote his 
life. These courses have been worked out with great care and are adapted 
from year to year to the growing demand of the Young Men's Christian 

i. The Secretarial Course 

This course is the result of over sixteen years of experience and testing. 
It is adapted to teach the student both the science and the art of the secre- 
taryship. Much of its success depends upon the personnel of its faculty, 
but the outline is suggestive. 

Students wishing to prepare for the secretaryship of railroad Associa- 
tions will follow this course, and will be assigned work bearing particularly 
upon the department to which they are to devote their lives. The two 
railroad Associations of Springfield and the School library furnish an 
opportunity for this purpose. 


This course is arranged in -recognition of the unity of man's threefold 
nature, with the conviction that the religion of Jesus Christ is adapted to 
redeem man in his entirety — body, mind and spirit. ' 

(Dr. Seerley, Junior year, five hours per week.) This study begins 
with a course of lectures, calculated to show man's place in the universe, 
including the unorganized and organized world, and to put him into rela- 
tion with these. 

A study of the body is then begun with the most simple analysis into 
trunk, limbs, head, and all that can be readily observed. 

This naturally leads to the study of the mechanics of the body. Then, 
by means of dissection of animals in the laboratory, the different systems 
making up the body (muscular, osseous, nervous, etc.,) and organs associ- 
ated in forming the apparatuses (circulatory, digestive, respiratory, repro- 
ductive, etc.,) are discovered. 

The student then picks out the muscles and names them, assisted by 
charts, demonstrations and experiments; the bones, naming and classify- 
ing them, aided by the skeleton. Bone, muscle, nerve, etc., are then studied 
as regards function, structure and relations. 

In the same way every organ composing the several apparatuses is 
minutely studied till a complete analysis results. 

The student then collects and combines all the physiological properties 
possessed by all the tissues, and discovers that the original cell, from 
which developed this complex structure by the process of differentiation, 
possessed all these powers. 

A study of the growth and development of the body then naturally 
follows. Careful study is then given to the external and internal condi- 

tions which lend to promote health in this complex structure, as well as 
the best thing to do in case an injury should occur to any part of it. 
The Young Men's Christian Association 
(Mr. Bowne, Senior year, four hours per week.) 

(1) The Field and its Limits. The work, why needed. A definite 
work by and for young men. The aim distinctively religious. Relation to 
the church. Relation to other religious societies. 

(2) The Organization. When and how to organize. The constitu- 
tion. Branches and sub-organizations. The directors and officers. 

(3) The Membership. Classes. How to secure members. The mem- 
bership committee. How to retain members. Development of active 
members. The associate membership and its relations. 

(4) The General Secretary. His relation to churches and pastors, to 
officers, directors and committees, to other employees, to the business 
community, to his fellow secretaries. Accepting a call. Beginning work. 
Correspondence. System. Statistics. Studying human nature. Dress. 
Conversation. Economy. Health. Growth — spiritually, intellectually and 
socially. Securing and training employed officers — demand and supply, 
methods of training. 

(5) The Association Home. Advantages of owning a building, loca- 
tion, arrangement, construction, equipment. The care of the home — 
repairs and safety, order and cleanliness. How to get a building — prepara- 
tory work, the canvass, cautions. The building movement — its beginning 
and growth. 

(6) The Business Management. Current finances — the annual bud- 
get, income, solicitation, collection, and disbursement, financial booking. 
Real estate and endowment funds — incorporation, trustees, endowment, 
debt, taxes, insurance, leases. Records and advertising — recording statis- 
tics, anniversaries, parlor conferences, printed matter, the bulletin, annual 

(7) The Religious Department. The Bible in Association Work: 
Individual study — objects, methods and helps; class study — a Bible class 
indispensable, relation of the general secretary, beginners' advanced and 
training classes, true place and appliances, the teacher, the class, the 
topics, preparing the lesson, teaching the lesson. Practical work with the 
unconverted — personal work, the evangelistic Bible class, the Bible in the 
evangelistic meeting, Bible readings. Religious meetings, etc. — the evan- 
gelistic meeting, other meetings at the rooms; meetings outside the rooms 
— in boarding houses, in public institutions; sermons to young men; distri- 
bution of religious reading matter; the invitation committee. 

(8) The Educational Department. The reading room — furniture, 
supervision, papers and periodicals. The library — its importance and place 
in the Association, how to develop, apartments and furniture, management, 
selecting and buying books, classification, cataloguing, shelf listing, bind- 
ing and repairing, advertising, registration and charging, reference books, 
courses of reading, aids to readers. Educational classes — the need, 
branches taught, adaptation, thoroughness, frequency of sessions, instruc- 
tors' class rooms, examinations. Literary societies, etc. — value, various 

forms of organization and work, how supervised. Lectures and talks — the 
use and abuse of lectures, home talent, practical talks. The educational 
director — qualifications, work and relationships. 

(9) The Physical Department. Aim of the department — health, edu- 
cation, recreation. Conditions under which a physical department should 
be organized. Scientific equipment and methods — examinations, statistics, 
prescription of exercise. Practical equipment and methods — location and 
arrangement of gymnasium, bath and dressing rooms, outfit, methods. 
Outdoor work. The physical director. The department committee. 

Note. For extensions of the theory and practice of physical work, see 
pages 41 and 42. 

(10) The Social Department. The reception committee. The social 
rooms. Social entertainments. 

(11) The Department of Information and Relief. Boarding houses. 
Employment bureau. Savings bureau. Benefit fund. Visiting the sick. 
Destitute 3'oung men. 

(12) The Boys' Department. Necessity, aim and benefit. Organiza- 
tion and relationships. Different classes of boys. Supervision. Methods 
and agencies — religious, educational, physical and social. 

(13) The Work among Special Classes of Men. College students — 
history, organization, methods, outgrowths. ■ Railroad men — history, aim 
and benefits, organizations and finance, rooms and methods. Commercial 
travelers — the field, work and agencies. Other nationalities and races — the 
field, the German work, the colored work, etc. Miscellaneous classes — 
soldiers and sailors, mutes, lumbermen, firemen, street car employees, etc. 

(14) Women's Work for Young Men. Organization and methods. 

(15) State and Provincial Work. The state committee. Finances. 
The state secretary. The state convention — preparatory work by the state 
committee, preparatory work by the local Association, at the convention. 
The district work — the committee, conferences, intervisitation, correspond- 
ing members. The relation of the local Association and secretary to the 
general work of supervision and extension. 

(16) The American International Work. History and organization. 
The field. The work — supervision and extension, correspondence, publica- 
tion, securing and training employed officers, aid to building enterprises, 
aid in securing funds, aid to state and other conventions, help in disaster. 
Secretaries of the committee. International finances. International con- 
ventions. Day and week of prayer. Work among young men in foreign 
lands — policy, relationships, methods. 

(17) The World's Alliance. History, organization and work. Text 
Book : "Handbook of the History, Organization and Methods of Work of 
Young Men's Christian Associations." This book was prepared primarily 
for the use of this School. 

Seminary Work 

(Senior year.) The object of this course is to study the habits ami 
lives of young men, to study at first hand the documentary sources of the 
Young Men's Christian Association, and to learn the art of original inves- 


tigation. Much of the success of the Young Men's Christian Association 
of the future will depend upon a scientific study of the habits and lives and 
characteristics of young men and boys. We need to know what young 
men are thinking about, how much money they earn, how they earn it and 
how they spend it, how they spend their leisure time, what is their social 
life, what is their religious life, how it should find expression, the tempta- 
tions of young men and boys and how to meet them. A rich un worked 
field is presented to the student in the many undeveloped themes in Asso- 
ciation history and by its unsolved problems. 

During the Middle year students in the secretarial and educational 
courses study themes akin to their departments. In the Senior year a 
thesis is prepared upon a theme agreed upon between the student and one 
of the instructors. Students are allowed to prepare a thesis with any of 
the instructors in the School. The thesis will be examined by a committee 
of the faculty consisting of Mr. H. M. Burr, Dr. J. H. McCurdy, and Dr. 
L. L. Doggett. The secretarial seminar will be held one evening each 
month. At this seminar each student will be expected to present his 
thesis for criticism and discussion. Leading Association workers are also 
invited from time to time to address these gatherings. The appointments 
for the School year 1901-1902 are as follows: 

A. H. Godard, general secretary, New Britain, Conn. Subject, "The 
Finances of a Local Association." 

H. M. Burr, instructor at Training School, "The Social Function of 
the Saloon." 

W. H. Chapin, assistant state secretary of New York, "Facts Funda- 
mental to Intelligent Boys' Work." 

S. B. Wilson, '02, "The History of the Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion in Canada." 

A. Almeida, '02, "The Young Men's Christian Association in South 

E. K. Allen, '02, "The Religious Life of Boys." 

R. J. Craig, 02, "A Study of the Relation of the Liquor Traffic to the 
Young Men of Today." 
J. G. Schroeder, '02, "Economic Features in Association Work." 
K. Robbie, '02, "Boy Wage Earners." 

Students in the seminar are expected to devote one hour daily during 
the Senior year to research. The historical and physical libraries available 
to students make this work of great value. For the first six weeks of the 
fall term Dr. Doggett will meet all Seniors once a week for a two-hour 
session to study methods of original investigation. 


(Mr. Burr, Senior year, two terms, five hours per week.) The aim of 
this course is to familiarize the student with the most serious economic 
and social problems which he will meet in his work, and the fundamental 
economic and social laws which must be recognized in all reform move- 


The first term will be devoted to economic instruction, and the study 
of social economic problems such as, "Social and Economic Inequality," 
"The Labor Problem," "Characteristics of Modern Industry and Com- 
merce," "Industrial Combinations," "Industrial Control," "Individualism 
vs. Socialism," etc. 

The second and third terms will be devoted to sociology proper, and to 
a study of the constitution of society, of social laws and forces, and social 
ideals. Especial emphasis is laid on the relation of the family to the social 
organism, and to the law of association. 

Field Work in Sociology. Four hours a week during the first two 
terms of the senior year will be devoted to special study of the social and 
religious life of the young men of Springfield. The "Leisure Time of the 
Young Men" will be the special topic for this year. A careful investiga- 
tion will be made of various recreative occupations. Each student will 
take a special line of investigation, the results of which will be preserved 
in permanent form. 


(Mr. Burr, Senior year, one term, five hours per week.) "Moral Sci- 
ence," by Prof. Fairchild, will be used as a text book. The subject will be 
taken up from the standpoint of modern psychology. 

Practical Work 

Unusual opportunities are offered for the practical work, and for getting 
an inside view of Association management. The Holyoke and Springfield 
Associations, with their beautiful buildings and large memberships, fur- 
nish every facility to see and participate in the various phases of Associa- 
tion activity. Through the Student Association, this service has been de- 
veloped into a three years' graded course. 

All are given practice in using the library, in preparing reports of com- 
mittees, minutes of meetings, items for newspapers and bulletins, printers' 
copy and proof reading, and are expected to attend each year at least two 
Association conventions. 

Delegations of students are assigned to conduct services for young men 
in neighboring towns and villages. 

(i) Senior Tour. One of the most helpful experiences is a tour, 
covering ten days, of the Associations at Bridgeport, New Haven, Brook- 
lyn, and New York City. This tour, taken under the direction of one of 
the faculty, gives an opportunity to study the actual workings of a large 
number of the Associations. It is quite different from a convention where 
Association topics are discussed. On this tour, by arrangements before- 
hand with the employed men of the Associations, from one-half hour to 
an hour's interview is held in the office in which the work is carried on. 
Last year some twenty different Associations and institutions were visited, 
and conferences were held with fifty different employed men on different 
phases of Association work. This included twelve directors of Associa- 
tion and college gymnasiums, twelve international and state secretaries, 
and twenty-six general secretaries of city Associations. The class was 


enabled to see the physical work in the gymnasiums of Yale and Columbia 
Universities, also in the Knickerbocker Athletic Club. The students in 
the physical course also attended the conference of the American Asso- 
ciation for the Advancement of Physical Education. 

(2) Physical Training. Every secretary is given a thorough course 
in physical training, which continues through the first two years. A com- 
plete description of this course is given on pages 36 and 38. 

2. Physical Course 

(Drs. McCurdy and Hastings) 

Object. To furnish "normal Christian physical education" to those 
preparing to become directors of the physical work of the Young Men's 
Christian Associations, or of colleges. 

The duties of a modern physical director demand that he shall be able 
to make an intelligent examination of the person who comes to him for ad- 
vice ; that he shall be able to wisely counsel with him in regard to food, 
clothing, sleep, work, exercise, and, in general, all those topics which are 
related to "living at one's best" ; to put men into the condition of highest 
vitality and effectiveness in any line, is his first work. He must take into 
account the intimate relationships existing between body and mind, and 
must understand their mutual effects. He must know how to prescribe 
exercise for the diseased who are often sent to him by physicians. He 
must be able to make his gymnasium a place of real recreation as well as 
of body building. 

To accomplish these various ends, he must know the body and its laws 
(anatomy, physiology and hygiene). He must have a detailed knowledge 
of the effects of exercise upon the body (physiology of exercise). He 
must know how to get men into the best condition for the performance of 
any physical effort (training). He must be acquainted with the funda- 
mental relations existing between a man's reproductive system and his 
bodily, mental and spiritual states (personal purity). He should know 
what to do in case of accidents (first aid to the injured). He must be 
able to make an intelligent examination of the heart, lungs, and other 
organs (physical examination). He must know how to measure and test 
men, and how to study these measurements in groups (anthropometry). 
He must know how to prescribe exercise for those needing remedial gym- 
nastics sent to him by physicians (prescription of exercise). He must 
have at his service the experience of those of the past (history, literature, 
philosophy of physical training). He must be perfectly familiar with all 
the work which he is to use or teach (gymnastics, athletics, aquatics, 
games, sports, etc.). He must be familiar with details of the management 
of the physical department of the institution with which he will probably 
be connected (physical department of a Young Men's Christian Asso- 



(Drs. McCurdy and Hastings and Messrs. Cornell, Henckel, Hadcock, 
Re}-nolds, and Thompson.) 

This course includes, in addition to instruction in the regular physical 
training branches, a carefully outlined course in normal teaching. The 
normal practice commences in the Junior year and is continued through 
the three years for students in the physical course, and through two years 
for secretarial students. This work is divided into two parts : first, that 
in the School itself; second, that in the surrounding Associations and 
clubs. The School normal practice is under the direct supervision of the 
instructors and occurs daily; for example, the Junior class in marching is 
divided into two squads with a teacher in the direction of each squad. 
This pedagogical practice occurs daily in addition to the course of lec- 
tures on gymnastic pedagogy. A recitation course in gymnastic nomencla- 
ture and athletic rules is given in connection with each year's floor and 
field work. 

The normal practice outside the School divides itself into three heads : 
First, those who are physical directors or assistants. Eleven men are this 
year receiving this practice, and in addition are earning the whole or a 
part of their expenses. Second, those who are regular coaches in foot 
ball, basket ball and hockey. Six such positions have been filled this 
year. Third, thirteen men are regular teachers in boys' clubs. Three of 
these clubs have been organized by the students themselves. In addition 
to this, practice is given in officiating at games, such as foot ball, basket 
ball, etc. 

The aim is to qualify students as teachers of gymnastics, athletics and 
aquatics. A minimum of time will thus be spent in practice of mere feats 
of strength or skill in any of these branches. Emphasis is placed on the 
enthusiastic pushing of those exercises which are of chief value to the 
average man in the Associations. Muscular strength and coordination are 
to be developed only so far as they increase vitality. 

Every subject throughout the course is studied and practiced from the 
standpoint of its usefulness as a physical or moral agent in the peculiar 
conditions obtaining in the Young Men's Christian Associations. Class 
rather than individual work, accordingly, is emphasized, and the elements 
of recreation and moral discipline are striven for. The work done in the 
Associations is rapidly evolving. The aim is to fit the student for the new 
movement rather than for the old. The progression in gymnastics, athlet- 
ics and aquatics will be as rapid as is consistent with thoroughness. 

The fall course in athletics consists of events which can be done on 
any level field with little expense for the preparation of the grounds. It is 
believed many Associations refrain from taking up athletics because they 
do not know of the excellent sports which require little apparatus. 

This course includes field evolution with calisthenics, hare and hound 
chases, cross country runs, foot ball, minton and lawn hockey. 

The spring athletic course takes up track and field events. Each stu- 
dent is taught the standard events and the best methods of coaching for 


The track events which are emphasized are the ioo-yard dash, 220, 
440, 880, the mile run and hurdling. The field events are pole vaulting, 
high jumping, broad jumping, shot putting, and hammer throwing. In- 
struction is given during the spring in base ball and golf. 

Physical instruction indoors progresses along the following lines : Class 
evolutions, calisthenics, games, apparatus exercises, and indoor athletics. 

In class evolutions, the marching system by Dr. A. T. Halsted forms the 
basis for work. 

Calisthenics are taught, first, by giving the principal positions derived 
from the fundamental standing position and, second, by standard drills 
with the dumb-bells, wands, bar bells, and Indian clubs. 

In games, basket ball and volley ball receive due attention ; also such 
gymnastic games as circle ball, three-deep, hand wrestling, Indian wrest- 
ling, etc. 

In apparatus exercises, instruction is given on the horizontal bar, 
parallel bars, German horse, Swedish bom, traveling rings, and pulley 

Location. There is no part of the country where athletics are more 
fostered, where the college athletic teams are better trained, or where the 
local Young Men's Christian Associations are more vigorous in their 
physical work than in New England. 

The students visit the majority of the following named first-class gym- 
nasiums during their course : The Association Gymnasiums at Worcester, 
Boston, Cambridge, Holyoke, Hartford. New York, — 23d Street, Harlem, 
Brooklyn. College Gymnasiums — Harvard. Amherst, Yale, Columbia. 
Athletic Clubs — Boston Athletic Club, New York Athletic Club. Normal 
Schools of Gymnastics — Boston Normal, Harvard, New Haven Normal 

Nowhere else in the country could this valuable experience be gained 
with so little expenditure of time and money. 

The fine building and gymnasium of the local Association afford illus- 
tration of a model work. 

The location of the School upon Massasoit Lake furnishes an excellent 
opportunity for training in aquatics. The School possesses a good 
fleet of boats for this purpose. 

Junior Year 


(1) Physics. (Mr. Berry, one term, three hours per week.) The 
work in physics is conducted as far as possible upon laboratory methods, 
the object of the course being: — 

To cultivate correct habits of thought and observation and to develop 
the true scientific spirit. 

To form a groundwork for the understanding of and research in sub- 
sequent studies — bodily mechanics, physiology of exercise, etc. 

The course consists of lectures, recitations and experiments, and in- 
cludes mechanics, dynamics, and molecular physics, considering the most 


important phenomena of matter — solid, liquid, gaseous — force, heat, mag- 
netism and electricity. The text book used is Wentworth and Hill's A 
Text Book of Physics. 

(2) Chemistry. (Mr. Berry, two terms, two hours per week.) In- 
struction in chemistry includes theory and practice. A large share of the 
work consists in laboratory exercises, intended to develop skill in use of 
apparatus, to give a practical working knowledge of representative ele- 
ments and their compounds, an insight into the nature of chemical phe- 
nomena ; and especially the power to learn of nature by observation and 
experiment. The course is divided into' two parts : — 

(a) General inorganic chemistry, which treats mainly of such elements 
as are essential to the understanding of (b). 

(b) .Organic chemistry, which consists of a series of illustrative experi- 
ments, based upon the course in Harvard Medical School, and endeavors 
to give to the student a knowledge of the chemistry of foods, digestion, 
growth, metabolism, respiration, etc. The text book used is Long's Gen- 
eral Chemistry. 

(3) Anatomy. (Dr. Seerley, three terms, four hours per week.) 
Gross anatomy of the body and its parts. The body as a machine. This 
includes a study of the bones, articulations, muscles, muscle insertions, 
leverage, and of the combined action of muscles and mechanism of bodily 
movements, with special application to the movements of the fluids of the 
body, e. g., blood and lymph. Demonstration on individuals, of muscular 
origin, insertion and action with reference to erect carriage of the body. 
Microscopic anatomy of the organs of the body. Histology — a study of the 
microscopic structure of every part of the body. Based upon the fact that 
"function makes structure," the student secures a wide knowledge of the 
fundamental functions by knowing the fundamental structures. The stu- 
dent also makes sections for himself, thus becoming acquainted with the 
laboratory method of investigation. 


(Messrs. Henckel, Hadcock and Reynolds, three terms, two hours per 
day.) The Junior physical work is the same for all students. 

(1) Field. Instruction is given in field athletics, standing broad and 
running high jumps, shot putting, pole vaulting, running, base ball 
(batting, base running, fielding, and team practice), foot ball (ball passing, 
instruction in different positions, falling on the ball, and team practice), 
minton, lawn hockey, and cross country running. 

(2) Gymnasium. Instruction is given in plain marching, special at- 
tention being paid to the best formations for handling large classes. 
Maze running receives attention during this year. After a study of the 
typical gymnastic positions in calisthenic exercises, sample drills are 
taught with dumb-bells, heavy Indian clubs, pulley weights and elementary 
exercises on the heavy apparatus. Emphasis is laid on the hygienic work, 
which permits large classes to be handled effectively. Indoor athletics are 
taught during April. 

(3) Aquatics. Swimming and diving are taught. 

Middle Year 


(1) Physiology. (Dr. McCurdy, three terms, five hours per week.) 
Text Books : Foster, Text Book of Physiology ; Stewart, Manual of 
Physiology with Practical Exercises. Collateral Reading: Schafer (edi- 
tor), Text Book of Physiology. 

The instruction consists of recitations, lectures and laboratory work. 
The view-point of the course is towards physiology of exercise, personal 
hygiene and general massage rather than medicine ; for example, the les- 
son of the morning is on arterial pressure : the teacher, after questioning 
the class on the material for the day, strives to make clear the obscure 
points. This is followed by blood pressure tests of different members of 
the class during some types of exercise. 

(2) History of Physical Training. (Dr. Hastings, three terms, two 
hours per week.) Each student in this course will select some subject, 
make a study of it during the year and write a short paper. Dr. Hastings 
will give the following lectures: — 

(a) Greek Period. Ancient funeral games, their extent, range and 
significance. The funeral games over Patroclus ; also other references to 
sport found in the Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer. The place of the 
athletic games as related to Greek history. Historical development of the 
Olympic games ; their leading characteristics, — individual not group. The 
prize and honor system, and its effect upon the games. The rise and effect 
of professionalism. Greek ideas of exercise as related to health and edu- 
cation. Funeral games among the Romans, the rise of the Ludi Glad- 
iatori, and the gladiatorial combat. Place, influence, and the extent of the 
Roman games. The Roman baths. Physical training of the Roman army. 

(b) Medieval Period. Estimate placed upon the body by the Latin 
Fathers of the church. The divorce between the natural and the spiritual. 
Early sports among the Germans as reported by Tacitus. The rise of 
chivalry. The knightly tournaments of the Middle Ages; their place, con- 
duct and influence. 

(c) The Dawn of the Modern Period. Mercurialis, his book "De 
arte Gymnastica," and the medieval physicians. Place, work, and influence 
on physical training of Mulcaster, Locke, Rabelais, Luther, Milton, Fuller, 

The Emile — J. J. Rousseau. The influence of Rousseau on, and the 
relationships between, Basedow, Salzmann, Vieth, Guts Muths, Nachtegall, 
Jahn, Ling, Beck, Lieber. The influence and life of Guts Muths, Vieth and 
Nachtegall, Friedrich Ludwig Jahn. 

(d) The Modern Period. The development and characteristics of the 
German Turners ; their service in the Thirty Years' War. The organiza- 
tion and conduct of the Turnerbund. The present Turncrschaft, its ex- 
tent, organization and conduct. H. P. Ling and the fundamental charac- 
teristics of the Swedish gymnastics. "The Day's Order" and the "Gym- 
nastic Progression." Colonel Amoros, and the movement in France. The 
revival of interest. The new Olympic games. Baron Pierre de Coubertin. 


Place and influence of Delsarte. Play among the Anglo-Saxons. Early 
sport in England. The development and influence of group games, as 
shown by foot ball. Athletics in the universities and preparatory schools 
of England. Early history of foot ball, cricket, golf, lawn tennis. 

(e) The American Movement. The first interest in physical training, 
Capt. Partridge. The school at Round Hill, Harvard, Yale. The early 
manual training movement in schools. Life and influence of Dio Lewis. 
The new movement at Amherst, Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Mount Hol- 
yoke. The North American Gymnastic Union. Swedish gymnastics in 
America. Normal schools of physical training. The American Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of Physical Education. The leaders in physical 
training in America — Edward Hitchcock, D. A. Sargent, E. M. Hartwell, 
and others. The early physical training movement in the Associations. 
The early physical directors — Wm. Wood, Robert J. Roberts, Luther 
Gulick, and their influence. The Summer Schools and Physical Directors' 
Conferences. The Pentathlon. The Indoor Test. The Athletic League. 
The Training Schools. Physical training papers in English — Physical 
Education Review, Mind and Body, Gymnastic and Athletic Review, Physi- 
cal Education, The Gymnasium. The Physical Department of the Inter- 
national Committee. 


(1) Field. (Dr. Hastings and Mr. Cornell, three terms, two hours per 
day.) Students are taught tennis, foot ball (punting, place, and drop 
kicking, tackling bag and team practice), and golf. Instruction is given in 
sprinting, middle distance running, hop, step and jump, broad and high 
jumping, pole vaulting, and hammer throwing. 

(2) Gymnasium. The class continues the practice of marching begun 
in the Junior year, supplementing it with fancy marching. The wands, bar 
bells, and Indian clubs receive special attention. Intermediate exercises 
on the heavy apparatus consist of exercises adapted for leaders and classes 
in the intermediate grade. The athletic side of gymnastics is pushed, i. e., 
those exercises which require strong legs and trunk rather than those 
which demand large arms and shoulders. Athletic instruction is given 
indoors during April in starting, high jumping, broad jumping, and pole 

Senior Year 

(1) Physiology of Exercise. (Dr. McCurdy, one term, one hour per 
day, or five hours per week.) 

This course consists of lectures, laboratory work and recitations upon 
assigned subjects. The material for the lecture and recitation course is 
covered in part by the following books and periodicals : Lagrange, The 
Physiology of Bodily Exercise ; Treves, Physical Education; Mosso, Life 
of Man in the High Alps; Kolb, The Physiology of the Maximum of 
Sport; The Journal of Physiology (English); The American Journal of 


Physiology. The laboratory section is made possible by the gifts of 
alumni and friends. This course includes instruction in the technique of 
the sphymograph, sphygmomanometer, pneumograph and ergograph. 
The major portion of the experimental work at present consists of studies 
of the effect of exercises of speed, strength, skill, and endurance on cir- 
culation, muscle and nerve. The instruments used are of the same pattern 
as the new ones recently introduced into the physiological laboratory of 
the Harvard Medical School. In addition to these, others have been con- 
structed by the Training School mechanic. The effect of exercises of 
speed, strength, skill and endurance on heart rate, pulse characteristics, 
and arterial pressure are studied in detail. In the fatigue studies with the 
ergograph, three types of instruments are used: the weight ergograph, 
the spring ergograph (istotonic method), and the spring ergograph (iso- 
metric method). On the days of laboratory work, an additional hour of 
class attendance will be expected of the student. 

(2) Physical Training Seminar. (Dr. McCurdy.) Once a month 
there will be held a seminar on advanced work in physical lines. At this 
time there will be presented original work done by the faculty, fellows, 
graduate students, and undergraduates, and occasionally by other special- 
ists. The seminar will aim to keep informed of all newer lines of work, 
publications, experiments, and the like. It is for all students in the physical 

Each Senior student will prepare a thesis upon some topic related to 
the course of study. This work must be done under the direct supervision 
and cooperation of one of the instructors. 

The title of this thesis shall be engrossed upon his diploma, and ranked 
either as satisfactory, worthy of praise, worthy of high praise, or as 
worthy of the highest praise. 

The two higher grades shall be given only for work that is original. 
The thesis must be completed before the spring term is begun. 

The appointments for the School year 1901-1902 are as follows : — 

Dr. Jay W. Seaver, director Yale University Gymnasium, "Physical 
Training in American Colleges." 

Lory Prentiss, physical director Lawrenceville Preparatory School, 
N. J., "Physical Training in the Preparatory Schools." 

W. L. Coop, Narragansett Machine Company, Providence, R. L, "Play- 
ground Apparatus — Its Development, Construction and Use." Illustrated 
by eighty slides. 

Dr. C. E. Ehinger, physical director State Normal School of Pennsyl- 
vania, West Chester, "Physical Training in the Normal and Public 

D. W. Pollard, '02, "Massage in Training." 

George Henckel, '02, "Manual of Elementary Graded Apparatus 

F. I. Grobb, '02, "Life Habits of Boys." 
J. E. Sullivan, '02, "Physical Exercise for Boys." 

G. A. Cornell, '02, "Manual of Marching and Maze Running." 


E. W. Berry, '02, "Bibliography of the History of Physical Training'" 
(English) ; F. B. Wise, '02, "The Relation of Hygiene to Physical 

B. R. Hadcock, '02, ''The Effects of Bathing on Blood Pressure." 

(3) Massage. (Dr. Hastings, third term, five hours per week for 
seven weeks.) Text book, Kleen's Handbook of Massage, supplemented 
by lectures and demonstration. 

(4) Physical Examination, Measurements and Strength Tests. (Dr. 
Hastings, first term, five hours per week, eight weeks.) Lectures and 
practice in taking measurements, strength tests, recording measurements, 
making graphical representation of development, etc. 

(5) Physical Diagnosis. (Dr. Seerley.) Text book, Loomis. Study 
of the appearances, conditions, defects, and deformities likely to be met 
with in the examining room. Method of examining the heart, lungs, etc., 
to prepare the student to assume such responsibilities as may properly rest 
upon the physical director, and to protect those who may come under his 
charge against unwise exercise and habits of life. 

(5) Anthropometry. (Dr. Hastings, first and second terms, five hours 
per week for fourteen weeks.) Origin of the science. Laws of human 
proportions. Statistical and diagnostic value of measurements. The use 
of anthropometric tables and the mathematical methods involved in 
making such tables. The average, mean, type, and ideal defined and dis- 
criminated. Laws of growth and the inter-relation of height, weight, 
lung capacity, and strength. Comparative value of strength tests. Mili- 
tary, college and public school anthropometry treated historically and 
practically through lectures, discussions, digests, and assigned readings. 
The whole process of the construction of anthropometric tables is demon- 
strated to the student, and in addition he spends two hours per week in the 
actual construction of such tables. 

(7) Prescription of Exercise. (Dr. Hastings, third term, five hours 
per week for seven weeks.) The adaptation of various forms of exercise 
to the needs of the individual. Exercise as affecting: — 

(a) Form. The thorax. Effect of prolapse of viscera. Methods for 
their restoration. Position of the shoulders, raising and lowering shoul- 
ders. Aetiology of unevenness. Shoulder blades flattening against the 
trunk. The building up of small parts. The reduction of fat. Spinal 

(b) Vitality. Special need of exercise during present civilization. 
Neurasthenia. Deficient nutritive ability. Relation of exercise to vitality. 
Exercise with reference to temperament. Large versus small dosage. 

(c) Disease. Congestions; Hernia; Constipation; Cardiac weakness; 
Cardiac insufficiency; Partial paralysis; Indigestion. The writing out of 
prescriptions to suit special cases. Strength tests as a basis for pre- 

The object of the course is to enable the student to prescribe exercise 
intelligently. In so far as this laps over the field of medical practice in the 
treatment of disease, the aim is to enable the student to take the general 

instructions of the physician, render them definite and carry them out 
effectively. The limitations of this treatment are carefully considered. 

(8) Philosophy of Exercise. (Dr. Hastings, first and second terms, 
lectures two hours per week — six hours research.) During the year lec- 
tures will be given on the topics in the following list : — 

The adoption of machinery as affecting the bodily development of the 
race. The progressive urbanization of civilized peoples. Urbanization as 
related to vitality. Specialization as affecting bodily vigor and develop- 
ment. The growth of school life as related to health and development. 
Devices of the day for increasing the amount of work an individual can do 
— the telephone, telegraph, stenography, mail service, steam, etc. The 
physical condition of the young men of the cities. Physical needs as re- 
lated to stage of development. Conditions of the Association physical 
work. "Function makes structure" as applied to physical training. De- 
velopment by inherent rather ^han by external power and conditions. 
Summary of the physiology of exercise. Muscular as related to psychical 
force. Exercise as related to the development of the motor elements of 
the brain. Neuromuscular fatigue. Volitional fatigue. Emotional fatigue. 
Exercise and brain hygiene. Muscular contraction as an element of 
thought. The plays of children and adolescents. The plays of adults. 
The plays of animals. The philosophy of play. Play as related to physical 
education. The place and limits of competition in physical training. The 
place and limits of specialization in physical training. Track and field 
sports in physical training. Athletic games in physical training. Heavy 
gymnastics in physical training. Calisthenics in physical training. The 
exercise of men in groups. The limitations of games, competition, athletic 
records, etc. Characteristics of a day's work in physical training. Physi- 
cal work for boys. Summer camps for boys. The philosophy, place and 
limitations of medical gymnastics. 

(9) Organisation of the Physical Department. (Dr. Hastings, third 
term, five hours per week for six weeks.) During the spring term the 
following subjects will be considered: — 

The Gymnasium. Construction. Equipment. Organization. Ad- 
vertising teams, newspaper, prospectus, etc. Gymnastic pedagogy. Gym- 
nastic and athletic technique. 

The class studies the construction of the gymnasium, locker rooms, 
bath rooms, bowling alleys ; also the construction and management of ath- 
letic grounds. 

Under equipment they will study the most approved methods of fitting 
up the gymnasium and grounds for physical exercise. 

Under organization, the physical department committee and its rela- 
tion to the board of directors ; sub-committees ; leaders' corps ; athletic 
committee; outing and Bible study committees. 

Advertising the physical department. 

(10) Hygiene (Dr. Hastings, third term) — natural, public and per- 
sonal. The history of the subject in brief, including a survey of the hy- 
gienic conditions of the Hebrews, Greeks, Romans, and English. Physi- 
cal education as a department of hygiene. Vitality and its problems; the 


development of the vital functions — respiration, circulation, digestion, etc. 
Foods — sources, value, digestibility, etc. Stimulants and narcotics. Func- 
tions of the skin, bathing and clothing. Ventilation, heating, drainage and 
sanitary plumbing. Light and the eye. School hygiene. The point of 
view of the course is largely that of personal hygiene. 


(Dr. McCurdy, three terms, two hours per day.) The Senior work 
includes normal practice, gymnastic theory and construction in advanced 

(1) Normal Practice. Normal practice consists in leading mass 
classes, in the outlining of exercises for different groups of people — boys, 
young men and business men, and in the managing of the School's public 
exercises, sports and games. The Wednesday evening public normal prac- 
tice has an attendance of one to three hundred visitors. The direction of 
the entire physical practice for the evening devolves upon some member of 
the class. On the following day the program of the preceding day is re- 
viewed, criticism is given of the matter presented and on the method of 
presentation, and the pedagogical errors of a technical nature are shown 
the pupil teacher. 

(2) Gymnastic Theory. Text books : Ehler, Gymnastic Nomencla- 
ture; Fish, Calisthenic Nomenclature. This section will include a study of 
gymnastic nomenclature with practical demonstration by the class. The 
construction of series of exercises for different groups of individuals will 
receive attention. The order of development of the exercises for the in- 
dividual lesson is studied in its physiological and pedagogical aspects. 
From the abundance of physical exercises the teacher must be trained to 
select those which are scientifically correct, and in addition those having 
intrinsic interest in themselves. 

The lectures and recitations in gymnastic pedagogy will discuss the 
common faults in teachers, the best class formations, the essentials to be 
considered in the selection of "leaders." 

(3) Physical Practice. 

(a) Field. Students are taught hurdling (120 and 200 yards), walking, 
foot ball (team practice, coaching), and field hockey (team practice, 

(b) Gymnasium. Instruction is given in such wrestling, sparring, 
and fencing exercises as are adapted to class work. Elementary tumbling is 
taught. Advanced exercises on the heavy apparatus are given. 

(c) Aquatics. Rowing in single and double gigs, also in four-oared 
working boats, is taught. 

Students are expected to attend each year two conventions : one of the 
Young Men's Christian Association, and the other of the American Asso- 
ciation for the Advancement of Physical Education. 

3. Educational Course 

This course will cover two years, and will be open only to college grad- 
uates. It will comprise (1) The general course; (2) The secretarial 


course for the Middle and Senior years; (3) The technical educational 
course in charge of Frank P. Speare, educational director of the Boston 
Young Men's Christian Association. 

The ever increasing demand for popular education, during the evening 
hours, is calling attention more forcibly each year to the necessity for more 
extensive evening school facilities. 

The public evening schools are doing a great work, but much that is 
wholly beyond their sphere of influence, requires attention, and it is this 
need that the Association is peculiarly adapted to meet. The expenditure 
of public funds necessitates their being employed in the conduct of subjects 
required by the majority, so that special lines adapted to small groups of 
students, are either wholly neglected or are furnished by private in- 

Where the work of the public evening school ends, in communities con- 
ducting such schools, the work of the Association begins, while in towns 
and cities providing inadequate facilities, the field is entirely open. It will 
be seen, therefore, that in every community, large or small, the Association 
school has its place, and these schools urgently require, either singly or in 
groups, skilled supervision in every department. Recognizing this imper- 
ative demand, the following course has been placed in the School's program 
as being well adapted for training students in this all-important work. 


(Mr. F. P. Speare.) A course of lectures delivered at Springfield by 
Mr. Speare, including the following topics : — 

(1) Elementary Education. The common schools: kindergarten, 
primary, grammar. Private schools. 

(2) Secondary Education. The city high school : classical, English, 
manual, commercial. The endowed institution. 

(3) The Higher Education. The college and university, the tech- 
nical school, special schools. 

(4) Tendency for Pupils to Leave School Before Education is Com- 
plete. Statistics. Reasons for tendency : circumstances, lack of ambition, 
grading and promotion. 

(5) Needs of Employed Men and Boys. As reported by themselves; 
by employers. 

(6) How These Needs are Being Met. Public evening elementary 
schools, public evening high schools, churches, endowed and charitable in- 
stitutions, correspondence schools. 

(7) Elements of Strength and Weakness in Each System. Purpose, 
supervision, courses of study, equipment, instructors, results. 

(8) Association Educational Agencies. The library, the lecture 
courses, the concerts, the clubs, the school. 

(9) The Association School. Is there a need? What should be its 
purpose? Study of field, awakening of public interest, supervision, equip- 
ment, courses of study, specialization,- instructors, admission, grading and 
promotion, examinations and certificates, finances. 


(10) Educational Printed Matter and Advertising. The prospectus,, 
the reading notice, the press, elements of danger, points to emphasize. 


In addition to the above work, students preparing for the educational 
department will be detailed to spend one month in the Middle year and two 
months of the Senior year at the Boston Association, where under the per- 
sonal supervision of Mr. Speare, the following lines of work will be 
pursued : — 

A prescribed course of reading, discussion and essays on school organi- 
zation, management and teaching; visitation of day and evening public 
schools, and private institutions, with weekly written reports upon these 
visits ; observing and assisting in classes of evening institute ; visitation of 
business and manufacturing houses, to study needs of employees ; writing 
of courses of study adapted to these needs ; writing of general courses of 
study; drill in arrangement of program of an ideal school; daily work 
upon the records of evening institute; writing of announcements, adver- 
tisements, programs for commencement exercises, and a prospectus ; at- 
tendance upon faculty meetings and reports thereon ; assisting in mount- 
ing and arranging the exhibits of work; arrangement of educational trips 
to points of interest ; figuring monthly and annual statistics ; study of the 
financial situation ; study of the needs and conduct of the library, reading 
room, social organizations and clubs; writing of a thesis upon the entire 
educational problem. 

The daily work of the student, his written reports, and thesis, will be 
required for graduation from this course. 

4. Courses for Directors of Boys' Work 

For some years the faculty of the School has been giving an increasing 
amount of attention to studying the problem of boys' work. Frequent 
articles have been published on the social and religious life of boys and on 
methods of helping them. So much interest has been manifested in this 
type of work that the subjects which are taught at the institution bearing 
upon work for boys are here grouped together into a separate course. 
They form an excellent course for preparation for the boys' secretaryship. 
Many of the leaders in this work are among the School's recent alumni. 
The library is equipped with the most up-to-date discussions of work for 
boys. Students preparing for boys' work will be expected to write a thesis 
and make original investigations upon some theme related to this subject. 
The special courses bearing upon boys' work are as follows :* 

(1) Boy Physiology and Psychology. Dr. Seerley. 

(2) Physiology of Exercise for Boys. Dr. McCurdy. 

(3) The Social Life of the Boy. Mr. Burr. 

(4) General Outline of Work for Boys (Lectures). Robinson, Chapin, 
Page, Forbush. 

*Secretaries specializing for boys' work will take up 1,3, 4, 5, 7 and 8; physical directors 
specializing for boys' work, 1, 2, 4, 5, 7 and K. 


(5) Physical Work for Boys. Dr. McCurdy. 

(6) Growth and Development of Boys. Dr. Hastings. 

(7) Apparatus for Physical Work for Boys. Dr. McCurdy. 

(8) Practical Work for Boys. 

(9) Nature Study. 

(1) Boy Physiology and Psychology. (Dr. Seerley.) This subject is 
taught in connection with the general course in psychology, and can be 
found in detail on pages 25 and 28. It will be seen that attention is given 
under genetic psychology to the study of the laws of mental development 
as they appear in the boy and young man. The study of the human 
instincts receives careful attention. In this connection the subject of per- 
sonal purity from the psychological standpoint is presented, also the influ- 
ence of heredity, degeneracy, and other important subjects. 

Under pedagogy, page 26, a study is made of the method of presenting 
various branches of truth and adapting instruction to the stage of develop- 
ment which the mind of the boy may have reached. 

The course in physiology, which is described in detail on page 28, con- 
siders the laws of growth, and the conditions of the body at different 
stages of its development. 

(2) Physiology of Exercise for Boys. (Dr. McCurdy.) Instruction 
is given on the effect of different types of exercise on the physique of the 
growing boy. The heart rate, pulse characteristics, and blood pressure are 
carefully studied. The respiration is carefully treated in its relations to 
the different types of exercise. Various fatigue problems are considered 
in their relation to the growth and exercise of the boy. (See page 38.) 

(3) : The Social Life of the Boy. (Mr. Burr.) 

(a) The social nature of the boy. 

(b) The social organizations of boys. Gangs, teams, clubs, etc. 

(c) Periods in the development of the social life of boys. 

The hunting period: the time of the bow and arrow and Indian play. 
The agricultural and pastoral period : time of especial interest in care of 
plants and animals. The constructive period : the time when the passion 
to make something shows itself. The competitive game stage: the time 
when individuals play in groups, but without team play. The cooperative 
period : the time for the team play games — foot ball, base ball, hockey, etc. 
The altruistic period: the time when egoism is modified by altruism. 

(d) Practical suggestions as to the types of organization best fitted for 
boys in these various stages. 

(4) Methods. There is being a rapid development in methods of work 
among boys. In order that students in this course, and all students pre- 
paring for the secretaryship may have the latest conception of the best 
methods, arrangements have been made with a group of leaders in work 
among boys to give a series of lectures upon the most successful methods 
of work. Special attention will be given in addresses by Messrs. Robin- 
son, Chapin, and Dr. Page to methods employed in the Young Men's 
Christian Association, and by Rev. Mr. Forbush to work for boys outside 
of the Young Men's Christian Association. The School stands for the 


same ideal in boys' work as in work for men — that the work of tnc 
Association is to advance the kingdom of God, and that all the work must 
be carried on from the point of view of winning boys and young men to 
accept Christ. Special attention will be given to methods of helping boys 
in Christian living, in Bible study and in Christian work. 

(5) Physical Work for Boys. (Dr. McCurdy.) The course consists 
of instruction in the types of exercise best fitted for boys, and of normal 
practice in leading in gymnastics and sports for boys. The mass class 
work includes marching, free exercises, dumb-bells, clubs and bar bells. 
The work on the heavy apparatus includes only the hygienic work where 
momentary support is required. The course in indoor games includes 
team games like basket ball and hoop ball. Instruction is given in the 
various track and field sports, also in the different styles of swimming and 
diving. Splendid facilities are offered for ice sports on the lake adjoining 
the School, also on the School rink. Skating and ice sports are taught. 

(6) Grozvth and Development of Boys. (Dr. Hastings.) An under- 
standing of the physical boy is basal to the grasp of boy life as a whole. 
Correct discrimination and adaptation are the key to success in dealing 
with the problems of this formative period. Adaptation is conditioned 
upon a knowledge of the underlying laws of growth and development. 
These fundamental principles are to be studied along the following lines : 

(a) The Laws of Hitman Proportions, including a survey of the 
best existing standards of growth and development, the discussion of 
periods of retardation and acceleration of growth and of the relative devel- 
opment of height, weight and other physical qualities. 

(b) Mathematical methods employed in the construction of the an- 
thropometric tables used to set forth these laws of growth and de- 

(c) The use of such tables in the graphical presentation of the devel- 
opment of the individual and of his deviations from the norm of his age 
and height. 

(d) The study of variable causes — heredity, exercise and environ- 
ment, which tend to produce divergence from typical development; hered- 
ity, as indicated by nationality and occupation of parents, and by diseases 
of near relatives; exercise (regular work or play) ; environment, provided 
by playgrounds (street, yard, woods, field, etc.,) and by the location and 
hygienic conditions of the home, and other environment as far as it affects 
growth and development. (Secured through personal history blanks and 
through physical examinations.) 

(e) Physical Characteristics — physique, health, color, bodily defects, 
sense defects, motor ability, etc. (Secured through personal history 
blanks and through physical examinations.) 

(f) Physical Examinations, including physical measurements and 
physical diagnosis. Especial attention will be given to the relative impor- 
tance of measurements, their diagnostic and statistical value, the value of 
strength tests as an index of vitality, the selection of a limited group of 
measurements best adapted to boys' work, methods of taking special tests, 
— eyesight, hearing, motor ability, etc., and to practical demonstration in 


taking ordinary measurements accurately, with and without the removal 
of clothing. 

(g) Prescription of Exercise, the adaptation of a system of exercise 
to the different periods of growth as well as special adaptation to the 
health, strength and peculiarities of the individual boy. 

(h) Vitality, as indicated by various vital coefficients, as related to 
muscular development and as promoted by environment and habits of life. 
Relation to play. 

(i) The Physical Basis of Mentality and Mental Efficiency. 

(j) The Physical Basis of Morality. (See outline of full courses in 
anthropometry, physical measurements, physical diagnosis, prescription of 
exercise, and philosophy of exercise, page 40.) 

(7) Apparatus for Physical Work for Boys. (Dr. McCurdy.) Lec- 
tures and discussion of the historical aspects of the subject from the point 
of view of preparatory schools, college settlements, boys' clubs, etc. ; of the 
minimum, the most valuable apparatus and that especially adapted to boys ; 
of the value of outdoor gymnasia and their construction ; of the equipment 
of indoor gymnasia, athletic fields, bath and locker rooms, etc., for boys. 
(See outline of full course on the organisation of a physical department, 
page 41.) 

(8) Practical Work for Boys. A large number of the students are 
doing practical work for boys. Many of them have classes in the Sunday 
school which they hold together during the week days by outings, athletic 
and gymnastic games, and social gatherings. More than a hundred boys 
have been given athletic and gymnastic training on the School field by the 
students. Foot ball, hockey and social clubs have been formed among the 
boys of the neighborhood, and have proved successful in interesting and 
disciplining the boys, and also bringing them within the circle of Christian 
influences and affording opportunity for personal work. The influence of 
this practical work upon the students themselves is most encouraging. In 
addition to these opportunities for doing work for boys, the students are 
fortunate in being able to study an unusually successful work for boys 
in the local Association, and also the work of the Springfield Boys' Club 
for working boys. 

(9) Nature Study. A number of the members of the club have gath- 
ered about them groups of boys whom they are trying to interest in the 
study of nature. Experience shows that such outdoor activity and study 
of living things is not merely good for body, mind and spirit, but is also 
in line with the natural interests and enthusiasms of the boy, and what is 
of supreme importance to us as Christians, to come nearer to the heart of 
Nature is to come nearer to the heart of God. 

General Information 

Requirements for Admission 

(1) The School is open only to Christian young men, over eighteen 
years of age, who have already shown ability in the direction of the work 
for which they wish to prepare. Each applicant must be a member in good 
standing of an evangelical church, and, if admitted, bring a certificate to 
this effect, and unite and work with some, church of his choice in this city 
within the first term after his admission. 

(2) A good English education is required. A high school or college 
preparation is desirable before admission. College graduates will be 
graded as Middlers and should complete the course in two years. 

(3) All students upon entering must pass a physical examination. Can- 
didates for the physical course should do this before coming. 

(4) Business experience is considered very desirable for men entering 
the secretarial course. 

(5) Admission should be applied for at least two weeks before the 
opening of the school year (September 24, 1902), and students are ex- 
pected to be present at the opening exercises. 

(6) If at any time a student shows a lack of the prerequisites for suc- 
cess, he will be dismissed. 

(7) No one will be enrolled as a student unless he is taking two full 
courses. Persons desiring less work may be admitted as visitors, but 
cannot be rated as students. 

Estimate of Expenses for the School Year 

The following table is based upon the experience of the past 

five years : 

Table board, 

$100 00 

to $125 00 

Furnished room with light and heat, 

50 00 

50 00 


60 00 

60 00 

^Gymnasium suits, 

8 00 

to 40 00 


12 00 

" 20 00 

Text and note books, 

9 00 

30 00 

Laboratory supplies, 

3 00 

5 00 


15 00 

18 00 

Membership in local Association, 

2 00 

" 10 00 

Subscription to "Men," 



$259 50 

$358 50 

Diploma (Senior year), 

3 00 

3 00 

Senior trip, 

15 00 

15 00 

♦Students are advised not to purchase gymnasium or athletic suits before coming to 
the School, as the School has regulation colors and suits, which all are expected to 


Tuition is payable promptly on the first Monday in October and Febru- 
ary, one-half at each payment ; room rent on last Monday in each month. 
No reduction of rent will be made to a student who engages a room and 
fails to appear at the specified time, nor to one who vacates his room less 
than a month before the close of the school. Rent stops only when the 
room is vacated and the key delivered to the janitor. A deposit of fifty 
cents will be required for each key. 

Each student lodging in the dormitory will care for his own room, 
which must be kept scrupuously clean. He zvill be expected to provide 
sheets, pillozv slips, towels and soap. Beds are all single, three feet in 
width; pillows, 18x25 inches. Rooms are liable to inspection. 

Sets consisting of four sheets, two pillow slips, four large linen towel?, 
and two large bath towels, all hemmed, can be furnished by the School for 
$4.00, if ordered in advance. 

Recitations, Practice and Examinations 

Each student is expected to have at least three forty-five minute class- 
room exercises each day during five days of the week ; also at least two 
hours' daily practice, according to the year and department, in gymnastics, 
athletics, laboratory work, or practical work in the Young Men's Christian 

Examinations, either oral or written, are made at the option of each 

There is no school from Saturday noon until Monday noon. 

A Junior or Middler shall be eligible for promotion only after passing 
satisfactorily in every branch prescribed for the year covered, and upon 
approval of the president. 

A Senior will be recommended by the faculty to the trustees for gradu- 
ation only after passing satisfactorily in every branch of the course, and 
after presenting a thesis. Two neatly typewritten copies of each thesis 
(an original and first carbon copy on good linen paper 8^x11 inches), 
after acceptance by the faculty, shall be bound in "regulation binding" and 
filed with the librarian. It is desirable that each volume when bound shall 
not be less than half an inch in thickness, so as to be readily marked on 
the back. 

Conditions imposed in any subject must be met during the following 

All students are expected to be subscribers to "Association Men," and 
to be members in some Young Men's Christian Association in Springfield 
or vicinity. 


Many of the students earn a large portion of the expenses of the course 
either during vacation or by securing work in the city on Saturday after- 
noons and at odd times. The School is unable to offer aid to students. A 
small loan fund, however, has enabled quite a number of students to com- 
plete their course. The income from the Foss Fund of $1,000 is also avail- 
able for this purpose. A number find opportunity for work in connection 


with the buildings. Three to four are given teaching as assistants in the 
gymnasium, and a number secure positions in neighboring Associations. 

Student Organizations 

The Student Association 
The Student Association was organized October 17, 1896. It has in 
view the following purposes: (1) To promote the spiritual growth of the 
students. (2) To encourage a spirit of Christian fellowship. (3) To pro- 
vide opportunity for definite Christian work throughout the city and neigh- 
boring towns. (4) To establish closer relation with the Inter-Collegiate 

The membership fee in the Student Association is two dollars per year. 
Additional expenses are met by subscriptions from friends of the students. 

The president of the Association, Mr. F. B. Wise, would be glad to cor- 
respond with prospective students who may desire information of any kind. 

The Lee Literary Society 
This society has entered upon the second year of its career, its first 
meeting having been held January 8, 1901. Meetings are held every Mon- 
day evening and are of a purely literary character. Here are offered ex- 
cellent opportunities for improvement in the art of debate, literary com- 
position, and skill in parliamentary practice, and the members appreciate 
highly the training they receive. Two new features of interest have been 
introduced into the Society this year : Joint debates with other colleges, 
and a prize debate among its members, the prize being founded by the 
class of 1901. 

McKinley Literary Society 
One of the many tokens of progress during the past year has been the 
organization and splendid growth of the McKinley Literary Society. 
Almost from the first it has had its full quota of members, and with Dr. 
Ballantine as critic, the Society is supplying a real need to many students 
who are themselves soon to be public men. The aim is to give the 
members training in the subtle art of debate by grappling as they do with 
problems of the day and seeking as they must to put their arguments in a 
pleasing yet forceful manner. Essays, readings, and orations make the 
meetings both interesting and profitable, while an occasional hour of par- 
liamentary practice is indulged in. These Monday evening meetings in the 
cozy society parlor in the gymnasium building are regarded as being 
nearly, if not quite, as valuable as any subject in the curriculum. 

The International Lyceum. 
The International Lyceum was organized January 8, 1902, with J. T. 
Little, president; F. G. Hayes, vice-president; P. K. Holmes, secretary; 
E. C. Offinger, treasurer; C. H. Ashley, sergeant-at-arms ; H. Moule, 
chaplain. The object of this Society is to make its members familiar with 
parliamentary usages and practices ; to encourage extemporaneous speak- 
ing; and to cultivate a literary taste. The Society will meet every Mon- 
day evening from seven to eight o'clock. 


Student Publication 
Nobody's Business is a weekly publication conducted by an editorial 
board chosen from the various classes. Its aim is to act as a medium be- 
tween student and instructor, to increase the social life of the School, and 
to help the students individually and collectively, by advice and sug- 
gestion. It also offers a good opportunity for practice in the different de- 
partments of newspaper work. The editorial board for 1901-02 in- 
cludes J. G. Schroeder, '02 ; B. M. Joy, '03 ; R. S. Seymour, '04. 


To maintain the School's work on its present plane of efficiency, a 
yearly income of $20,000, aside from tuition fees and room rentals, is re- 
quired. Inquiries concerning the finances will receive prompt attention if 
addressed to L. L. Doggett, President, and remittances may be made pay- 
able to his order, or to H. H. Bowman, Treasurer. 

Jubilee Endowment Fund 
By vote of the Trustees, June 9, 1899, a movement was inaugurated to 
secure a $100,000 Jubilee Endowment Fund to commemorate the Jubilee of 
the American work. Toward this fund $42,000 has been either given or 
pledged by friends of the School. Among these gifts is the Parmly Me- 
morial Fund of $10,000. 

Bequest for Endowment 
I give and bequeath to the International Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation Training School, Springfield, Mass., the sum of 
to be safely invested by them and called the 

Fund. The interest of this fund to be applied to the use of the School. 

Perpetual Loan Fund 
For the purpose of founding a perpetual loan fund in the International 
Young Men's Christian Association Training School, Springfield, Mass., 
[or any of its departments, if so stated], I hereby give the sum of five 
thousand dollars — or its equivalent in good securities at cash value — to be 
safely invested by them, the income to be loaned toward the education of 
students who have already shown ability in the School. 

The Association Seminar and Training School Notes 
This publication aims to represent the work of the School. It records 
what is going on among the students and faculty. It publishes the 
original work which is being done by students and faculty. Problems of 
interest and importance among the Associations upon which there may be 
light thrown from the educational standpoint are discussed here. The 
general design of the paper is to keep all those who are interested in touch 
with the School, and to furnish such a discussion of Association events, 
outlook, policy and problems, as would naturally come from an educa- 
tional center. The subscription price is $1.00. The faculty cooperate in 
its maintenance, but the special editorial responsibility has been placed 
upon Dr. F. N. Seerley. 


loves a bookstore* Most worthy, then, of 
your affection is our very bookish establish- 
ment* Books new. Books second-hand. 40,000 of them. 
HENRY R. JOHNSON, 3J3-3J5 Main St., Springfield. Mass. 

Books, Art, Stationery. P. S. Prompt attention given mail inquiries. 

S . B . CALL, 
Athletic Outfitter, 

244 Main St., Springfield, Mass. 

Gymnasium Outfits, Basket 
Ball Suits, Base Ball Uniforms. 
Exclusive designs. Superior 
workmanship. Highest quality. 
Ladies' Gym Suits made to 
order. Special prices on club 
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about it. 


I C E 



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than which there is no better. Few as good. Ask the users. 
We want every Training School man and his friends to get 
acquainted with our line. 

Catalogue upon re- 
quest, and if your 
dealer hasn't the 
style you desire 
we'll sell you direct. 


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. W . CASE 

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Successor to 




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i i 9 

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Prepared under the supervision of W. T. HARRIS, Ph.D., LL.D., United States 
Commissioner of Education, assisted by a large corps of competent specialists. 

5000 Illustrations. 

Rich Bindings. 

2364 Pages. 

%£T'The International was first issued in iSqo^ succeeding the " Unabridged." The 
New Edition of the International 'was issued in October, iqoa. Get the latest a nd best. 

Also Webster's Collegiate Dictionary with Scottish Glossary, etc. 
" First class in quality, second class in size." 
— Nicholas MURRAY BuTLER. 

Specimen pages, etc., of both books sent on application. 
G. 6 C. MERRIAM CO., Springfield, Mass. 

Morgan & Ball Co. 







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leathers. All at the one price, $3.50 a pair. 

BROJDHURST BROS., the Shoe Dealers 
376 Main Street, SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 

The Springfield Business School 

Is the Oldest, Largest and Best 
Business Training School in West- 
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It is the only shorthand school in the country employing 
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Gymnastic Apparatus Running Tracks 
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